Research

Recovering the Tarragoní variety

Recovering the Tarragoní variety

In 2019, two winegrowers and winemakers of the DO Tarragona, Josep Maria Llauradó of Mas del Botó and Gerard Galofré of Estol Verd, expressed an interest in an ancestral variety called 'Tarragoní' that one of them had planted and that was also planted in the experimental winery Mas dels Frares of the Faculty of Oenology of the URV.

The Tarragoní variety is already mentioned in the 1915 book 'DATOS PARA UN AVANCE SOBRE LA VITICULTURA DE LA PROVINCIA DE TARRAGONA' by Claudio Oliveras, agronomist engineer and director of the Reus Oenological Station, where he mentions the Tarragoní variety planted in the past in the municipalities of the DO Tarragona such as Valls, Puigpelat, Cabra del Camp, Perafort and La Secuita.

Due to the interest of these wineries for its recovery and the importance of this ancestral variety for the DO Tarragona, the Control Board decided to carry out a technical monitoring of Tarragoní with the collaboration of the Institut català de la Vinya i el Vi (INCAVI). This technical monitoring of the experimental variety 'Tarragoní' is aimed at the agronomic and oenological evaluation of the variety, which is still neither recommended nor authorised in Catalonia, as it was probably been lost due to phylloxera.

Period of study: from 2020 to 2028.

Experimental monitoring: By INCAVI and the DO's technical services.

DNA characterisation was carried out to ensure that the variety did not correspond to any other variety already registered in the various databases under any other denomination.

Subsequently, the variety was registered with the European Organisation of Vine and Wine (OEVV) and with the Spanish Plant Variety Office.

At the same time, 5 experimental fields of Tarragoní were planted (in winter 2022) in Rodonyà, Valls, Cabra del Camp, Constantí and Alforja. These experimental vineyard plots are cultivated by winegrowers/producers of the DO. The Tarragoní vines originate from nursery-grown plants from three vineyards in the INCAVI collection of varieties in Cardona and from the El Encín collection of the Madrid Institute for Rural, Agricultural and Food Research and Development (IMIDRA).

Currently, the viticultural and oenological monitoring and the analytical and sensory characterisation of the wines obtained has begun. The monitoring period will be carried out over 5 seasons. Finally, to be able to authorise the planting of the recovered Tarragoní variety in our DO and to be able to produce its wines.

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